Jean NOUVEL – Ateliers Jean Nouvel Situated close to the Eiffel Tower, the Musée du quai Branly complex opened in 2005. Tasked to capture a museum for a photography class through the Columbia University architecture program in Paris, I chose the Musée du quai Branly. The recreation of the environment through the lights and the arrangement of the rooms is a part of the exhibition, the recreation of works that come from human cultures where worldview is different. The Paris, France museum features indigenous art, cultures and civilizations from Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. Article from flickr.com. Habitable area / Surface area. In addition to the permanent collection, the museum hosts a variety of shows, concerts, cinema and cultural activities all year round. PARIS Date. Built as a presidential monument to Jacques Chirac, the Quai Branly Museum (Musée du Quai Branly) is a museum in Paris that feature thousands of artifacts from indigenous cultures across the globe. 37 Quai Branly Sacred Architecture. The building opened on June 23, 2006, and is designed by world-famous french architect Jean Nouvel. DESIGNER. Vertical Wall on Jean Nouvel's Musée du quai Branly Plants have found a home on walls for centuries, but are sometimes incongruous with architecture, often breaking down the structural… Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac, Paryż: zobacz recenzje, artykuły i zdjęcia dotyczące Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac w serwisie Tripadvisor w Paryżu, Francja Team Team. The museum, situated on the Seine riverfront in Paris’ 7th arrondissement, was inaugurated in 2006 by French President Jacques Chirac. Admission: The Musée du Quai Branly is a museum devoted to art from non-Western cultures. The museum collection has 450,000 objects, of which 3,500 are on display at any given time, in both permanent and temporary thematic exhibits. The museum collection has 450,000 objects, of which 3,500 are on display at any given time, in both permanent and temporary thematic exhibits. This is a museum built around a specific collection, where everything is designed to evoke an emotional response to the primary object, to protect it from light, but also to capture that rare ray of light indispensable to make it vibrate and awaken its spirituality. Situated close to the Eiffel Tower, the Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac, is known in English as the Quai Branly Museum - nicknamed MQB. The Architecture of Musee du Quai Branly Known for its beauty and significant tribute to the arts, Paris has been home to many artistic and cultural spaces that aim to highlight the city s important place in the art and cultural worlds. Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac: architecture landscape and the exhibition super... - See 2,979 traveler reviews, 1,991 candid photos, and great deals for Paris, France, at Tripadvisor. Musée du quai Branly Architecture. Article by GR2Design. This important collection makes it a key place for arts for non-Western cultures. Its original and imposing architecture was designed by … Enjoy a contemporary environment, which champions a green-feel with luxuriant natural elements ... Musée du quai Branly. 20 Oct 2011. Its collection is dedicated to the world’s indigenous peoples, with cultures from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania represented. Not a bad start. Manchester School of Architecture field trip film, year 3, 2009-10 Pour servir cette ambition, larchitecte Jean Nouvel a signé un édifice audacieux, pensé comme un écrin pour conserver un héritag… See all 17 Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac tours on Tripadvisor Musée du Quai Branly. Fruit de sa rencontre avec le collectionneur Jacques Kerchache, il est laboutissement dun rêve plus ancien, porté par nombre décrivains, de critiques et danthropologues du 20e siècle : rendre aux arts et civilisations non-occidentaux leur juste place au sein des musées nationaux. The musée du quai Branly-Jacques Chirac in Paris, France, is a museum featuring the indigenous art and cultures of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. The Paris, France museum features indigenous art, cultures and civilizations from Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. November 2020. Cest en 2006, sous limpulsion de Jacques Chirac que le musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac ouvre ses portes. Musée du quai Branly. Visitors that pass through the doors of the Musée du quai Branly is guaranteed to be filled with emotion and wonderment. Address. Opened in 2006, in June 2016 "Jacques Chirac" was appended to the museum's name. The museum complex contains several buildings, as well as a multimedia library and a garden. 28 photos © Rebecca Breun added 13 Jun 2011. more infos. Building Cost approximately: € 204,000,000, Client: Etablissement public du Musée du Quai Branly, Photo from Eiffel Tower of the building: © 2021 Architectuul | About | Terms | Privacy | Future Architecture Platform Member, "The ultimate aim of all creative activity is building. Architectural exoticism at the service of ethnology and trade in art Frédéric Edelmann Completed under precipitate conditions, the Musée du quai Branly was warmly received by the French public and media, but very coldly indeed by most of the foreign press, notably American, German and Spanish. Architect Emeritus, Jean Nouvel left his unmistakable mark on the musée du quai Branly, inaugurated in 2006, giving rise to a poetic and unique space, strongly marked by the symbols of the forest and the river. Architizer - Inspiration and Tools for Architects. Carmen Lobo has uploaded 905 photos to Flickr. The Musée du quai Branly (French pronunciation: [my.ze dy ke bʁan.li]) is a museum in Paris.It is known in English as the Quai Branly Museum, nicknamed MQB.It displays art and culture from indigenous civilisations of Africa, America, Asia and Oceania.Quai Branly opened on 23 June 2006. Basilica Architecture. Article from flickr.com. more infos. MUSEE DU QUAI BRANLY – PARIS. All that remains is to invent the poetry of the site by a gentle discrepancy: a Parisian garden becomes a sacred wood, with a museum dissolving in its depths. Location: south bank of River Seine, close to Eiffel Tower, just southwest of Paris centre, France. Opened in 2006 the museum fronts the River Seine, and sits just round the corner from the Eiffel Tower. Admission is free to visitors under the age of 18 Quai Branly architecture. When the study was concluded, land was reserved near the Eiffel Tower. This week, with the help of our readers, our Architecture City Guide is headed to Paris. Musée du quai Branly Paris The Quai Branly Museum combines collections of the Musée des Arts d’Afrique et d’Océanie and the Laboratoire d’Ethnologie du Musée de l’Homme, plus contemporary indigenous art. If their functions must be retained, they must disappear from our view and our consciousness, vanish before the sacred objects so we may enter into communion with them. The building is perched on piles, all is curved, fluid, transparent, mysterious and, above all, warmly receptive. Is it an archaic object? The building was designed by architect Jean Nouvel. Explore Carmen Lobo's photos on Flickr. plus d’informations. 75007 Paris, France. Located on the banks of the Seine, near the Eiffel Tower, the Musée du Quai Branly - Jacques Chirac exhibits 3,500 works of art from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania. Félix Fénéon (1861-1944) Les arts lointains – 28.05.2019-28.09.2019 – Musée du Quai Branly, Paryż / Paris. Félix Fénéon (1861-1944). Description. ), of which 3,500 are on display at any given time, in both permanent and temporary thematic exhibits. Le musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac est un établissement public national à caractère administratif, placé sous la tutelle conjointe du ministère de la Culture et du ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation. Date built: 2006. Designed by Jean Nouvel, the building resembles a long footbridge, partly covered with wood, and stretching into the trees. In addition to permanent and temporary exhibitions, the museum houses a library, lecture hall, garden, rooftop terrace, and two cafes. The ultimate aim of all creative activity is building. ... Its architecture must challenge our current Western creative expressions. Images by Philippe Ruault, Roland Halbe, Clément Guillaume. A regression? Hidden from view by thick vegetation, protected from the noise of the quays by a glass palisade. Architect Emeritus, Jean Nouvel left his unmistakable mark on the musée du quai Branly, inaugurated in 2006, giving rise to a poetic and unique space, strongly marked by the symbols of the forest and the river. Architectural exoticism at the service of ethnology and trade in art Frédéric Edelmann Completed under precipitate conditions, the Musée du quai Branly was warmly received by the French public and media, but very coldly indeed by most of the foreign press, notably American, German and … About This Project. Opened in 2006 the museum fronts the River Seine, and sits just round the corner from the Eiffel Tower. . Additional Information. Quai Branly opened in 2006 and quickly established itself as one of the most popular and visited museums of Paris. Le musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac est un établissement public national à caractère administratif, placé sous la tutelle conjointe du ministère de la Culture et du ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation. Modern Architecture. Competition, Full mission, Interior design, Museography. Quai Branly, 37 Quai Branly, 75007 Paris, France. Emmanuel Latrouitte recommends Musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac . Designed by Jean Nouvel, the building's architecture leaves its visitors speechless. Habitable area / Surface area. Architecture. Etablissement public du Musée du Quai Branly. It is a loaded place haunted with dialogues between the ancestral spirits of men, who, in discovering their human condition, invented gods and beliefs. 37 Quai Branly 75007 Paris. Musée du Quai Branly is an ethno-anthropological museum that focuses on the cultures of the Americas, Africa, Asia and Oceania. The collection comprises African, Oceanic and Asian artworks from the Musée de l'Homme and the Musée des Arts Africains et Oceanians. Musée du Quai Branly is about a block away from the Eiffel tower, and rivals the tower’s beauty in and out. Musee du Quai Branly / Ateliers Jean Nouvel. It is a place that is unique and strange, poetic and unsettling. Les temps nouveaux, de Seurat à Matisse / Félix Fénéon (1861-1944).The modern times, from Seurat to Matisse – 16.10.2019-27.01.2020 – Musée de l’Orangerie, Paryż Félix Fénéon: The Anarchist and the Avant-Garde. The Musée du Quai Branly, not far from the Eiffel Tower in Paris (), opened in 2006, describing itself as Where cultures meet in dialogue.. A result of his encounter with the collector Jacques Kerchache, the museum was the culmination of an older dream, supported by many writers, critics and anthropologists of the 20th century. The museum collection comprises more than a million objects (ethnographic objects, photographs, documents, etc. Celebrating the world's best architecture and design through projects, competitions, awards, and stories. Basilica Architecture. One New Change Building, C42 – Citroën display building 76 478 m² / 40 660 m². L'architecture et l'environnement du bâtiment restent très marquants. It holds the collections of the old Musée national des Arts d'Afrique et d'Océanie, which is now closed. The building was designed by French architect Jean Nouvel.Nouvel was challenged to create a space which could hold the arts and artifacts of African, Asian, Oceanian and the American cultures, while remaining unencumbered by the traditions of Western architecture. Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac: Innovative museum architecture - See 2,969 traveler reviews, 1,979 candid photos, and great deals for Paris, France, at Tripadvisor. Types of assignment. Address. Adresse. The resulting architecture has an unexpected character. LAPS ARCHITECTURE LOCATION. The museum made a … Quai Branly Museum was designed by French Architect Jean Nouvel (2008 Pritzker prize). photograph © isabelle lomholt, Nearest Underground stations: Alma – Marceau or Pont de l’Alma, Opening Times: Open Tue, Wed, Sun 11am-7pm ; Thu-Sat 11am-9pm. Architect Emeritus, Jean Nouvel left his unmistakable mark on the musée du quai Branly, inaugurated in 2006, giving rise to a poetic and unique space, strongly marked by the symbols of the forest and the river. Sur un site exceptionnel à l’ombre de la Tour Eiffel et sur les bords de Seine, il répond à des exigences spécifiques en matière d’image, d’identité, d’accessibilité et d’insertion urbaine. We recommend booking Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac tours ahead of time to secure your spot. Located on the banks of the Seine, near the Eiffel Tower, the Musée du Quai Branly - Jacques Chirac exhibits 3,500 works of art from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania. Discover objects in the image of this exceptional place! Peculiar architecture and astonishing anthropological artifacts, the Musée du quai Branly – Jacques Chirac is a haven for curious minds. Behind a sound-proofed glass wall is a secluded … Competition, Full mission, Interior design, Museography. This important collection makes it a key place for arts for non-Western cultures. The 200m long green wall on the exterior of the museum was designed and planted by Gilles Clément and Patrick Blanc. The "green wall" (200m long by 12m high) on part of the exterior of the museum was designed and planted by Gilles Clément and Patrick Blanc. At installation this was quite healthy and vibrant; however, in winter, the direct exposure of the plants to north winds blowing over the open expanse of the Seine river causes regular frost damage even though the support system for the plants' roots, irrigation and drainage has proved to be perfectly adequate on the less exposed east facade of the building and in other places in Paris where it is used (BHV Homme 38, rue de la Verrerie, etc...). The building was designed by French architect Jean Nouvel.Nouvel was challenged to create a space which could hold the arts and artifacts of African, Asian, Oceanian and the American cultures, while remaining unencumbered by the traditions of Western architecture. Types of assignment. Its architecture must challenge our current Western creative expressions. Light is crucial because, unlike other museums where it is clean and clear, in the Musée du Quai Branly, the light is colorful, warm or cold, dark, dark, mythical. Equipe Maîtrise d’œuvre. When dematerialization encounters the expression of signs, it becomes selective; here illusion cradles the work of art. Oct 27, 2020 - Located close to the Eiffel Tower, the musée du quai Branly exhibits 3 500 works of art from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania. The Musée du Quai Branly – Jacques Chirac in Paris is a museum presenting history and cultures of non-western civilizations from Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. A selection of objects from the museum are also displayed in the Pavillon des Sessions of the Louvre. Architecture. The new Musée du Quai Branly should raise the hackles of people who hate to see Paris's beauty tampered with: Defiant, mysterious and wildly eccentric, it is not an easy building to love. Its collection is dedicated to the world’s indigenous peoples, with cultures from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania represented. Concours, Mission complète, Aménagements intérieurs, Muséographie. Quai Branly comes to your home with this unique design pencil. Quai Branly, 37 Quai Branly, 75007 Paris, France. C42 Citroen Building, Comments / photos for the Musée du quai Branly Paris page welcome, Mobius Loop, Baidu Science and Technology Park. The Musée du quai Branly – Jacques Chirac (French pronunciation: [myze dy ke bʁɑ̃li ʒak ʃiʁak]), located in Paris, France, is a museum featuring the indigenous art and cultures of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas.The museum collection comprises more than a million objects (ethnographic objects, photographs, documents, etc. The idea behind the museum, which opened in 2006, was to take a fresh, stimulating and modern look at these cultures, celebrating their diversity and originality. The musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac opened its doors in 2006, at the instigation of Jacques Chirac. The means are unimportant- it is the results that count: what is solid seems to disappear, giving the impression that the museum is a simple façade-less shelter in the middle of a wood. Le musée du Quai Branly - Jacques-Chirac, parfois appelé musée des Arts et Civilisations d'Afrique, d'Asie, d'Océanie et des Amériques (civilisations non européennes), est situé dans le 7 e arrondissement de Paris, le long du quai de la Seine qui lui donne son nom et au pied de la tour Eiffel.Le projet, porté par Jacques Chirac et réalisé par Jean Nouvel, est inauguré le 20 juin 2006. Philharmonie de Paris, Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom, Vienna, Austria Dicembre 15, 2017. Le projet architectural du musée du quai Branly est atypique et témoigne de la maturité du travail de l’architecte. Apr 12, 2019 - Completed in 2006 in Paris, France. Jul 7, 2014 - Musée du quai Branly. Le projet architectural du musée du quai Branly est atypique et témoigne de la maturité du travail de l’architecte. The museum's frontage facing onto quai Branly features very tall glass panelling which allows its interior gardens to be remarkably quiet only metres from the busy street in front of them. The Musée du Quai Branly is a museum devoted to art from non-Western cultures. Team Team. Etablissement public du Musée du Quai Branly. Focusing on art and artifacts from Oceania, Asia, Africa, and the Americas, the Quai Branly provides stunning displays of diverse and high quality objects from around the world.. Not a bad start. Category Exhibition Tags LAPS ARCHITECTURE, MUSEUM, paris, QUAY BRANLY . Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom, One New Change, London, England Jean NOUVEL – Ateliers Jean Nouvel Quai Branly, 37 Quai Branly, 75007 Paris, France. Types de mission. Quai Branly Museum. Patrick Blanc has built some amazing living walls, such as this gorgeous "vertical garden" on the Musee du Quai Branly in Paris, designed by Jean Nouvel Hotels near Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac: (0.25 km) Le Derby Alma (0.44 km) Hotel de Londres Eiffel (0.43 km) Shangri-La Hotel, Paris (0.47 km) Hotel Juliana Paris (0.57 km) Residence Charles Floquet; View all hotels near Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac on Tripadvisor Jean Nouvel architect of Musée du quai Branly, Location: Musée du quai Branly, Paris, France, Paris Architecture Designs – chronological list, Paris Architecture Walking Tours by e-architect, The Philharmonie de Paris, Paris, France From the outside it entices you with its vertical gardens, and inside is one of the world’s most amazing daily light show. 26. Museum focus: Indigenous art, cultures and civilizations from Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. The museum only gradually reveals itself, and the visitor becomes an explorer. Nicknamed MQB, the Musée du quai Branly opened in June, 2006. Suspended ‘boxes’, clearly visible from the outside and displaying works of similar origin, enable the visitor to gain further knowledge of people and culture. Surface utile / Surface shob. Away, then, with the structures, mechanical systems, with curtain walls, with emergency staircases, parapets, false ceilings, projectors, pedestals, showcases. The architectural ensemble takes in five levels, crowned by a wide terrace with fine views of the Eiffel Tower and Paris. Ateliers Jean Nouvel was architect and exhibition designer for the museum, which opened in 2006. Apr 12, 2019 - Completed in 2006 in Paris, France. No, quite the contrary, for in order to obtain this result the most advanced techniques are used: windows are very large and very transparent, and often printed with huge photographs; tall randomly-placed pillars could be mistaken for trees or totems; the wooden sunscreens support photovoltaic cells. Carmen Lobo has uploaded 905 photos to Flickr. 76,478 m² / 40,660 m². This anthropology museum was designed by the superstar architect Jean Nouvel and opened six years ago, yet many of the objects in its 300,000-piece collection are older than Gaul. In a place inhabited by symbols of forests and rivers, by obsessions of death and oblivion, it is an asylum for censored and cast off works from Australia and the Americas. Inside, glass walls replace the traditional understanding of windows, their transparency and the natural background is afforded by the trees and offer no distraction from the artefacts themselves. Article from flickr.com. Hotels near Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac: (0.25 km) Le Derby Alma (0.44 km) Hotel de Londres Eiffel (0.43 km) Shangri-La Hotel, Paris (0.47 km) Hotel Juliana Paris (0.57 km) Residence Charles Floquet; View all hotels near Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac on Tripadvisor Manuelle Gautrand Quai Branly Museum building, Paris design by Ateliers Jean Nouvel, France. Its large collection is displayed in a remarkable museum building designed by the French architect Jean Nouvel. Etablissement public du Musée du Quai Branly. Un accueil très souriant même en cette période de crise sanitaire liée au Coronavirus. If the city is a feast, then the Musee du Quai Branly is a mouth-watering smorgasbord. What to expect at Musee du quai Branly Jacques Chirac 1. This important collection makes the musée du quai Branly … Quai Branly Museum (External link) Discover the … Temporary exhibitions €7; €5 reductions. Please check with operators. The Musée du quai Branly – Jacques Chirac, is dedicated to the Art and Civilisations of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. Musée du quai Branly The building was designed by architect Jean Nouvel. If the city is a feast, then the Musee du Quai Branly is a mouth-watering smorgasbord. Home > Paris architecture designs > Musée du quai Branly Paris Building: Nouvel, Musée du quai Branly Paris, Jean Nouvel Building, Architect, MQB France Design Images, Quai Branly Museum building, Paris design by Ateliers Jean Nouvel, France, Location: south bank of River Seine, close to Eiffel Tower, just southwest of Paris centre, France, Focused on indigenous art, cultures and civilizations, 16 photographs © Adrian Welch, taken on 20 – 23 Oct 2011, Address: Sacred Architecture. The musée du quai Branly-Jacques Chirac in Paris, France, is a museum featuring the indigenous art and cultures of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. 76,478 m² / 40,660 m². The Mueso Quai Branly, located at 37 quai Branly, 75007 Paris, occupies the space that until the late eighties occupied some buildings built after World War II and originally worked in the Ministry of Finance. Description. Images by Philippe Ruault, Roland Halbe, Clément Guillaume. The Musée du quai Branly – Jacques Chirac , located in Paris, France, is a museum featuring the indigenous art and cultures of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. A commission was established to study the feasibility of building this Parisian museum in 1995. Situated close to the Eiffel Tower, the Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac, is known in English as the Quai Branly Museum - nicknamed MQB. Focused on indigenous art, cultures and civilizations. Hotels near Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac: (0.25 km) Le Derby Alma (0.44 km) Hotel de Londres Eiffel (0.43 km) Shangri-La Hotel, Paris (0.47 km) Hotel Juliana Paris (0.57 km) Residence Charles Floquet; View all hotels near Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac on Tripadvisor Opened in 2006, in June 2016 "Jacques Chirac" was appended to the museum's name. Explore. Apart from the areas devoted to permanent exhibition and the more flexible ones reserved for international exhibitions, the building also houses major reserve collections open to researchers, lecture rooms and classrooms, and a theatre which, during the summer, opens into the ‘open-air amphitheatre in the garden. Its large collection is displayed in a remarkable museum building designed by the French architect Jean Nouvel. Its original and imposing architecture was designed by … Musee du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac: Innovative museum architecture - See 2,969 traveler reviews, 1,979 candid photos, and great deals for Paris, France, at Tripadvisor. Let yourself be tempted by these delicious mint flavor candies in a box inspired by the work of Jean Nouvel! The museum's frontage facing onto quai Branly features very tall glass panelling which allows its interior gardens to be remarkably quiet only metres from the busy street in front of them. Le musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac est un établissement public national à caractère administratif, placé sous la tutelle conjointe du ministère de la Culture et du ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation. Musée du quai Branly – muzeum sztuki kultur pozaeuropejskich, zlokalizowane w Paryżu przy Quai Branly 37, niedaleko Wieży Eiffla.. Zostało otwarte w 2006 roku dzięki inicjatywie prezydenta Francji Jacques'a Chiraca.. Muzeum posiada około 267 000 eksponatów z których 3500 jest wystawiana. The Musée du quai Branly – Jacques Chirac, is dedicated to the Art and Civilisations of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. . When the Ministry moves to Bercy, then President Mitterrand Frnaçois proposes to create in that place a Centre for International Conferences, for which competition is called the late 80. Let yourself be tempted by these delicious mint flavor candies in a box inspired by the work of Jean Nouvel! President Jacques Chirac was an influential proponent of the project. Public tender, MOP law, the work is carried out on the 4th floor of the Quai Branly Museum in Paris. Inside, parts of the Musée du Quai Branly could suit a David Lynch film – the lofty interior, in shades of red, is divided by curtains, curved walls and mezzanines. Architect: Ateliers Jean Nouvel. To reach it you cross an undulating garden designed to create an impression of remote, untamed greenery. The museum complex contains several buildings, as well as a multimedia library and a garden. €8.50; €6 reductions; free under-18s. The idea behind the museum, which opened in 2006, was to take a fresh, stimulating and modern look at these cultures, celebrating their diversity and originality. Musée du Quai Branly. Jean NOUVEL – Ateliers Jean Nouvel Musée du quai Branly. ", CR Land Guanganmen Green Technology Showroom. What to expect at Musee du quai Branly Jacques Chirac 1. A wonderful feature is the beautiful 200 m long by 12 m tall… Sur un site exceptionnel à l’ombre de la Tour Eiffel et sur les bords de Seine, il répond à des exigences spécifiques en matière d’image, d’identité, d’accessibilité et d’insertion urbaine. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund. Explore Carmen Lobo's photos on Flickr. Modern Architecture.